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Ghost in the Shell: Innocence BRD

(Mamoru Oshii - 2004)




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Review by Leonard Norwitz


Ghost in the Shell: Innocence

Directed by Mamoru Oshii



Review by Leonard Norwitz


Studio: I.G. Cinema Selection / Buena Vista Home Entertainment, Region A/1 (Japan, North America, South America)



Aspect ratio: 1.85:1

Feature film: 1080p / MPEG-2

100 minutes

Supplements: SD (4:3, Lbx and 16x9) / MPEG-2



PCM 7.1

Japanese DD EX 6.1 Surround

Japanese DTS ES 6.1 Surround



Japanese, English, French, Korean and Chinese



• Commentary, in Japanese, with Director Oshii and Producer Ishikawa

• 43 minute promotional featurette in Japanese

• 7 isolated music track/videos in 16x9 480i

• 15 minute SD documentary featuring cast and crew

• Trailers & TV spots


20 chapters

Single disc in a standard Blu-ray case.

Release Date: December 6, 2006


NOTE: This I.G. Cinema Selection Blu-ray DVD of Ghost in the Shell: Innocence will play on North American Blu-ray players. Blu-ray discs are usually region-coded (e.g. Warner Blu-ray are not, Buena Vista are). Unlike SD DVDs, which are coded for one or all of 6 regions - see HERE, there are only 3 regions for Blu-ray: North, Central and South America share Region A/1 with Japan, Korea, Hong Kong, Taiwan and most of what we call Southeast Asia. Europe, Greenland, Africa, Australia, New Zealand and the Middle East comprise Region B/2. Region C/3 is the remainder of Asia, including: (Mainland) China, India, Pakistan and Russia. See Blu-ray region Coding map HERE



Ghost in the Shell: Innocence

Following upon his first Ghost in the Shell animé feature film, as if two entire TV series did not exist between them, Mamoru Oshii picks up after Major Kusanagi retires herself (sort of like Dr. Who, I always thought).  Batou, her bionic partner in the special police unit known as Section 9 that investigates cybercrime, together with Togusa, one of the younger, mostly human, cops (with a family, no less), is now looking into the murders of owners of robot-dolls by the dolls themselves who, in turn, self-destruct.


I've seen the movie three times now, twice on SD-DVD and just now on Blu-ray.  I can't say that I can follow the convolutions of the plot exactly – not, I suspect, because it is opaque or confusing – though there are those aspects, but because I get utterly caught up in the astonishing visuals, the music and the soundtrack.  From its first frames, we are aware that Ishii has taken the art form in a new direction – as did Wagner between the second and third acts of Siegfried.  Purists will have complained about so much CG in what, after all, had been a fairly static presentation, with time-honored, if parochial, conventions: Animé should be thought of as a comic book in motion, rather than a stand-in for real people and places.  This is why jaws go up and down, but lips don't sync, and why backgrounds are relatively immobile, and why lateral motion is so staggered, suggesting movement from graphic pane to graphic pane.


Over the few years since the movie's release I've read the occasional review, hoping to gain some further insight into its context.  I can only say that there are some disappointed critics out there.  One of their complaints was how much intellectualizing and philosophizing there was in this movie – as if that isn't what characterizes animé more than any other cinematic medium – and that the sheer volume of dialog threatened to overwhelm the story.  But I suspect that many are simply not up to the task of sifting through the layer upon layer of interdependent literary, philosophical, cultural and political references.  Not that that I'm that much more astute – I'm just reluctant to kill the messenger just because I don't get it.  I was fully prepared to write a review that would say just about that much and throw in some nice comments about the picture and sound and, hopefully, not embarrass myself.   But then . . .


Last week I had a few friends over to choose whatever BD they wanted to watch and, to my surprise, they picked Innocence.   True, they were enticed by the brief segment I played (you can probably guess which), but what really got their juices going was the screenplay (in translation, no less) and how the visuals supported it.  So, without getting into the plot, here's their summary (with many, many thanks to Lee Chen & Michael Barry).  There's a feast to chew on here, so sit back and make yourself comfortable:


The film, Innocence, expresses an acute cultural anxiety through its use of simulacra, namely dolls, ghosts, puppets, cyborgs and prosthetically modified humans.  It draws heavily on the tradition of early twentieth-century literature that invokes anthropomorphized objects (especially those with human form) to make social and metaphysical commentaries and criticisms.  The primary references here are E. T. A. Hoffman’s short story Der Sandmann (the inspiration for the ballet, Coppélia) and Rainer Maria Rilke’s Duino Elegies.  Both works attempt to position the human between the material/mechanical world of puppets and the immaterial/spiritual world of angels.  Puppets and angels, unlike humans, are inherently innocent, but both are “dead,” as we all will one day be.  Therefore, the puppet and angel stand, potentially, as past and future selves.  Rilke’s Fourth Elegy makes this explicit.

Cited From HERE


One cannot view Innocence thinking that the imagery in this poem was implicitly present throughout. The Fourth Elegy, in turn, was inspired by a Kleist essay Puppet Theater.  Also, Rilke wrote an intriguing essay entitled On Toys which can be found in the book Rodin and Other Prose Pieces.


Interestingly, the early 20th century anxiety surrounds the “mechanization” of the world – hardware approximating human body.  In Innocence, the anxiety surrounds the “computerization” of the world – software approximating the human soul.  Unlike Blade Runner, where the main questions seem to be “How long will I live?” and “Does she love me?” (both very American concerns), Innocence presents the Japanese concern of “Do I still have a soul?”


Also note that, in Innocence, the photo book that has the picture of the little girl in it was a title by Hans Bellmer.  Given that the dolls depicted in the movie were virtual copies of Bellmer’s, I can see why the filmmakers felt the need to reference him directly.


Cited From HERE

As we can see, crises of identity invariably create artistically-rendered sexual mutilations of the body to represent the corruption/deformation of the “soul.”  This arises from the fact that, as William Gass wrote, “Consciousness is nothing.  No thing.  A gunnysack full of Polish teeth occupy for space in this world than all the agony of their extraction.”



Innocence portrays a Japan that has ceased to be the maker of things.  Material production has become China’s province, as represented in the lavish, brilliantly colored Chinese barge imagery that dwarfs the grey-garbed Japanese interlopers.  The question for the Japanese then is less “Do I still have a soul?” than “Am I real?”  Although Japanese animé is one of the more successful Japanese exports at present - their bleak vision reflects the depressed Japanese business market.  The absence of Japanese automobiles in the future is also telling. The ersatz “nostalgia” for foreign cars bespeaks a rejection of the mundane – preferring instead the hyper-reality of “noir.”


Ghost in the Shell: Innocence

The Score Card


The Movie : 8

In the immortal words of Ahme, "I can say no more."


Image : 9

I have the Japanese R2 SD, and it was bloody good to start with, and while we might anticipate that a movie with a seriously limited grayscale would have little to gain from a high definition transfer, I am here to say, Not so!  What little sense of grain and thinness of fill in solid color areas that was vaguely present on the SD is now 90% gone.  That's a lot, considering how little was there in the first place.  The image has better edge definition, yes, but that not its strong suit.  Once again, it's dimensionality, a palpable sense of things, a density of color, and the ability to see way into the frame regardless of how dim the background or how meaningless you may have once thought it to be.  Reflections, especially as Batou and Togusa walk toward and enter the music box/castle-keep are enough to give you vertigo, now that they are fully integrated into the image.












Audio & Music : 10/10

From the subtle noir song, Crystal Memories and the tasteful Follow Me (set to the familiar strains of the Concierto di Aranjuez), to the almost screaming vibrato-less choir and its crashing drums, to the ghostly musical bells, the music track is jaw-droppingly fabulous – in conception and execution.  Add to this a dynamic inyourface effects track (especially the aeroplanes and helicopters), and you have one of the best audio mixes on disc.

Empathy : 9

The only reason I couldn't give it a 10 is that I haven't seen the film often enough to be confident watching it without subtitles.

Operations : 9

Easy to load.  The menus are in Japanese but, except for the Extras, are easy enough to sort out.  All 20 chapter thumbnails are shown in a single row that blow up into larger frames for easier identification.  Better yet, there is no need to click on each thumbnail; you can merely click on the advance button directly from the large frame insert.  Very nice.

Extras : 8

Obviously, for us monoglot Anglais, we miss the sub's; and for the videophiles in all of us, the absence of high-def videos to accompany those wonderful music videos, uniquely derived from the movie, is sorely missed. Perhaps on the U.S. release?  We can only hope.  One more thing: this is perhaps the first time I ever enjoyed the trailers: very artfully done to different mixes of Follow Me.



Recommendation : 9

The only reason I don't give this release a full 10 is its price and the expectation that it will be soon offered in the U.S. at half the cost of the Japanese edition.  Once out, I will report on how it compares, though I am expecting it to be identical, with some English subs for the Extras.

Leonard Norwitz
July 29th, 2007





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